Exports of Australia

Australian economy is one of the largest mixed market economies in the world, with a GDP of AUD$1.62 trillion as of 2015.

Australia is the 19th-largest importer and exporter in the world. The economy of Australia is dominated by its service sector, comprising 68% of GDP.
Economic growth is largely dependent on the mining sector and agricultural sector with the products to be exported mainly to the East Asian market.


Top 10 exports of Australia are:

1. Ores, slag, ash
2. Mineral fuels including oil
3. Gems, precious metals
4. Meat
5. Cereals
6. Machinery including computers
7. Inorganic chemicals
8. Optical, technical, medical apparatus
9. Aluminum
10. Electrical machinery, equipment


Davos 2017 Results

2017 World Economic Forum Annual Meeting took place in Davos, Switzerland last week. It had more than 3,000 participants from nearly 100 countries, including over 50 heads of state or government who participated in some 400 sessions.

The meeting has planned to focus on four key leadership challenges for this year: strengthening global collaboration, revitalizing economic growth, reforming capitalism and preparing for the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Let’s see what the Davos meeting has achieved. 10 main results of Davos 2017:

1. Environment
There was a new public-private tropical forest fund launched. It will raise $400 million by 2020 to help small-scale farmers in forest areas protect five million hectares of land by reducing deforestation and peatland burning, whilst also improving their crop productivity.

2. China to green its economy
Chinese Ministry of Environment Protection signed an agreement with the World Economic Forum for a major five year collaboration on advancing China’s environmental policies, including bringing together leading companies, innovators and investors to help China accelerate a circular economy, promote the sharing economy, take further action on climate and oceans; and to harness new fourth industrial revolution technologies for the environment.

3. Tackling plastics pollution
Over 40 industry leaders including some of world’s largest consumer goods, retailers and recycling firms, and governments endorsed a detailed action plan to increase global reuse and recycling rates for plastic packaging from its current 14% to 70%.

4. Jobs
Signatories to the Forum’s New Vision for Arab Employment project said they have now helped re-skill 250,000 people since 2013, and are now targeting 1 million current and future workers.

5. Digital security
The World Economic Forum will join with the Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Kaspersky Lab and other partners to develop a playbook for governments to strengthen their capabilities in preparing for, responding to and recovering from cyber-attacks.

6. Health
Officially launched at Davos 2017, a new innovative public-private alliance – CEPI – will start on working to outsmart epidemics by creating vaccines that can be released quickly once an outbreak occurs.

7. Impact of automation
39 top technology companies, agreed to launch a consortium for the skilling of workers displaced by automation. The consortium will provide resources and capital and, through the World Economic Forum platform, focus initially on the financial services and manufacturing sectors.

8. Inclusive growth
A new Inclusive Growth Report was launched which will present a new global index to provide a richer and more nuanced assessment of countries’ level of economic development than the conventional one based on GDP per capita alone.

9. Responsible business leadership
The Compact for Responsive and Responsible Leadership – a roadmap for business leaders to pursue sustainable long term growth and opportunity, reached a tipping point at Davos with the first 100 compacts signed by leading companies.

10. World leaders ideas
Xi Jinping became the first ever Chinese president to participate in the Annual Meeting. In a major speech at the opening of the meeting, he said that globalization should not be blamed for the world’s problems and called on the international community to press ahead with implementing the Paris Agreement on climate change.
Henry A. Kissinger told participants in the closing session that Xi Jinping’s speech at the opening session was “of fundamental significance”.

Possible EU-Japan FTA to boost exports more than TTIP

A free trade agreement with Tokyo could boost European GDP more than the controversial Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Czech MEPs say after coming back from  Japan.

The EU-Japan FTA is expected to boost European economy by around 0.8 % of GDP and some analysts compare the importance of the deal with that of TTIP where the number is 0,5 % according to preliminary expectations.


“If we look at the impact on GDP growth, FTA with Japan could actually be more important than TTIP,” ANO 2011 MEP Petr Ježek (ALDE), chairman of the European Parliament’s delegation to Japan stressed, after a recent trip to the country.

Japan is the EU’s second biggest trading partner in Asia, after China. European exports to the country are dominated by machinery, transport equipment, chemical products and agricultural goods. Machinery, transport and chemicals are also the main items of imports from Japan to the EU.

With the deal, EU exports could increase by 32.7 %, while Japanese exports to the EU would increase by 23.5 %, according to the European Commission estimates.

The EU and Japan have been negotiating for over 3 years now, and there have been 16 rounds of negotiations – the last one took place in April in Tokyo.

The next round of talks is scheduled for September in Brussels.

At the last G7 summit held in Japan’s Ise-Shima at the end of May, political leaders from Japan, the EU, France, Germany, Italy and the UK reaffirmed a commitment to reach political agreement on the deal as early as possible this year.

On Thursday (16 June), Japanese and European businesses supported this commitment when they met in Tokyo for a sector-to-sector meeting.

“At a time of global economic uncertainty, this agreement provides a unique opportunity to create real growth for two of the world’s largest economies,” representatives of Keidanren and the EU employers’ confederation BusinessEurope said in a statement.

But several difficult issues still remain to be cleared up.

While Japan wants European duties in the automotive sector and agriculture waved, the EU is trying to link this to the elimination of Japanese non-tariff barriers (NTBs), especially in the automotive and railway sectors. Tokyo has already made a number of concessions on the first list of NTBs presented in December, however, the EU wants to see more on the second list before moving on its own tariffs.

The European automobile industry is particularly concerned, and appealed to the European Commission to be careful about possible impacts of the deal. More Japanese cars are sold in Europe than European cars sold in Japan.

“On the other hand, the Commission has been consulting its approach to this issue with the industry representatives. Therefore no dramatic problems should be expected,” MEP Ježek told EurActiv.cz.

Above all, only 32 % of Japanese cars sold in Europe are imported. Two-thirds of them are produced right in the EU.

Source: https://www.euractiv.com/section/trade-society/news/eu-japan-fta-would-boost-growth-more-than-ttip/

E-commerce in China

Chinese economy influence on global economy is indisputable now. One of the leading economies, Chinese label “Made in China” made the country the largest manufacturer in the world. And it has led the way in developing innovative processes that have fundamentally transformed production and supply chains. But China is changing.


And a new lexicon may be in order: Digitized in China.
There are more social sites in China than any other country in the world. Chinese consumers use these sites to share, shop and consume in totally new ways. Talking has taken a back seat to texting. Wallets have been replaced by mobile devices. Hailing cabs is now done online.
Digital technologies are enabling innovation that is not only reshaping our personal lives, but redefining entire industries. And China is at the forefront of many of them.

Over the next year, this digital transition will accelerate. And China will lead the way. Here are three things you can expect:

1. The Business and Consumer Worlds will Collide
Companies across China are looking for ways in which they can run faster, simpler and smarter. Much like the social applications and networks that consumers use to manage their personal business, Chinese companies will tap into cloud-based applications and business networks to digitize their operations and manage everything from buying and selling to managing cash in a more efficient and effective manner.

2. The Universe will Get Bigger
Empowered by the easy and borderless collaboration that networks enable, Chinese companies will scale their operations and open new worlds of opportunities. In support of the One Belt and One Road initiative, corporate buyers will discover, connect and collaborate with a global network of partners to expand beyond sourcing materials locally. And suppliers will connect with profitable customers globally who are increasingly doing business online, opening new markets and revenue streams.

3. The Chinese Economy will Diversify
Chinese companies will leverage the massive investments the government is making in the building blocks of the Internet economy such as cloud computing, wireless communications, new digital platforms, big data analytics and the Internet of Things alongside business networks to fuel the next generation of smart manufacturing. Driven by more efficient, flexible and sustainable processes, companies will stimulate domestic demand growth and reduce the country’s reliance on exports, creating a more balanced economy.
Technology and networks have fundamentally altered the way we live and work. China has been instrumental in this digital transformation. And it will continue to drive it through investments in innovations that push the limits of what is possible and change the way business gets done.

[Based on the article by Gareth Bowen]

Morocco Trade Conference: SMEs and E-commerce

The bi-annual forum Trade Promotion Organization World Conference held in Morocco this year brought business leaders together to discuss the future of trade in today’s fast changing world.


“The aim of this conference is to strengthen the role of trade organizations to boost and develop the exports and investments in all countries, especially in Africa, because they are the link in between the government strategies and between the private sector”, stated Zahra Maafiri, chief executive officer, Maroc Export.

This forum is a unique opportunity for global business leaders to share their experiences and take concrete steps to improve trade relations. It provides crucial support to firms struggling to swim in the digital waters.

“Logistics, distribution, payment system, taxation all this package, the international trade center will be putting together in order to help SMEs in the poorest countries and the most far away destinations to connect with the international market”, said Arancha González, executive director of the International Trade Center.

Participants have agreed on the importance of the transition to digital in the global business environment in the future. The most prominent challenge is to accelerate the development of the e-commerce sector and facilitate digital activities for SMEs, especially in the African continent.

Black Friday Facts

Today is Black Friday, when shoppers look for discounts online and in stores. Whether they’re looking for the newest, most advanced tech device or the perfect outfit for New Year’s Eve, buyers know retailers will offer some of their best deals during this time.


1. Electronics is the most popular category of Black Friday shopping. 59% of buyers are going to look for cheap tablets and smartphones.
Clothes come next – 47% of shoppers are intended to get new apparel and accessories items.

2. People spend about $50-60 billion on Black Friday – crazy amount of money.

3. Monday after Black Friday is called “Cyber Monday” – a day of online shopping. Many online shops offer big sales on this day.

4. Although Black Friday is not the only day with big sales, it is the most popular in the world: this tradition took Russia, Norway, France, and many other.

5. Walmart broke the Black Friday tradition in 2011, when it opened its store on Thanksgiving evening. Ever since, retailers have been in a race to catch up and now, 33 million Americans said they planned to shop immediately after turkey.

Historic Free Trade Deal Between Canada and the EU

The EU and Canada signed the comprehensive economic and trade agreement, known as Ceta, paving the way for most import duties to be removed early next year. However, the treaty needs the approval of at least 38 national and regional parliaments, including the UK’s, to take full force.


Supporters of Ceta say it will increase Canadian-EU trade by 20% and boost the EU economy by €12bn (£10.9bn) a year and Canada’s by C$12bn (£7.4bn). Canadian PM Justin Trudeau said consumers and businesses would immediately feel the benefits.

With free trade under attack from populist movements and anti-globalisation campaigners, the deal reduces Canada’s reliance on the US and gives the EU a first trade pact with a G7 economy when its credibility has taken a knock from Britain’s decision to leave.

In spite of protests against free trade, we have to acknowledge that it brings its positive results. For example, if you take North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Here are some facts from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce you don’t often hear about NAFTA:

– Exports from U.S. service industries to Mexico and Canada tripled from 1993 to 2011
– U.S. agriculture exports rose by 258 percent to Canada and 408 percent to Mexico during the same period.
– About one-third of all U.S. merchandise exports are bought by those two countries.
– And, the jobs that Mexico has gained from NAFTA often depend on supplies from U.S. manufacturers. It’s been estimated that about $36,000 is generated annually for every American factory worker through Mexican and Canadian purchases of U.S. goods.

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and CETA are waiting their turn and chance as well.